CITES stands for "Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora" and is often names the "Washington Convention" after the name of the city it was initially signed in 1973.
The convention entered into force on 1 July 1975 and as of date, 180 countries have become contracting parties to the convention. The aim of the convention is to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival, protecting them from being traded in excessive amounts or becoming extinct.
The convention has three appendices:
Appendix I includes all species that are threatened with extinction and are or may be affected by trade.
Appendix II includes species that are not necessarily threatened with extinction, but may become so unless trade in specimens of such species is subject to strict regulation in order to avoid utilization incompatible with the survival of the species in the wild.
Appendix III includes species that are listed after one member country has asked other CITES Parties for assistance in controlling trade in a species. The species are not necessarily threatened with extinction globally.
Mongolia has passed the legislation to become a contracting party to this convention on 4 May 1995 and by joining the convention on 4 April 1996, we became the 133rd member country. Mongolia has included 14 mammals, 71 birds, 8 plants, 2 fish and insects and crawlers one each in the appendices I and II.
In accordance with the provision 1 of the Article 9 of the convention, a management committee and a scientific committee have been appointed the task of implementing the matters related to the convention.