The Customs Central Laboratory under the Mongolian Customs General Administration was founded by the decree 358 of 11 November 1996 by the Director General of Customs General Administration. The aim of the laboratory is to analyze the goods crossing the border for customs purposes and to classify them in accordance with the Convention on Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System developed by the World Customs Organization and to detect drugs and psychotropic substances.
The laboratory has been accredited four times since 2003 by the Standardization and Metrology Department and operates with the accreditation to carry out the following analysis:
• Drugs and psychotropic substances
• Chemical substances /explosives/
• Alcoholic beverages
• Petroleum products
• Wool, cashmere, fiber, and yarns
• Minerals and raw materials
In 2003 and 2010, under the projects run by the Asian Development bank, the laboratory received modern equipment and technology worth 1.6 million USD. Currently the abovementioned analysis is conducted on modern and high capacity analysis tools and equipment which include gas chromoato-mass spectrometer, semi-automated tool to determine the diameter of fiber originating from wool, cashmere and animals, infrared spectrometer, IONSCAN - 400B, XRF – x-ray fluorescence, UV – ultraviolet spectrometer, equipment to determine the decitex of yarns and a tool to determine the weight of a square meter textile.
In order to expand its operation and to promote international trade through decreasing the time required for customs clearance and to provide expedited services to the businesses and traders, the Customs Central Laboratory has founded 6 sub-branches in Zamiin-Uud, Selenge, Bayan-Ulgii, Choir, Dornod and Bichigt customs branches. At the sub-branches, analysis is being conducted on alcoholic beverages, crude oil, petroleum products, fluorspar, chemical substance, drugs and narcotics. As a result of the operations of the laboratory sub-branches the customs clearance time has been decreased by 2-3 times.