Mongolia has become a member of the Customs Cooperation Council in 1991 when it acceded into the Convention on Establishing the Customs Cooperation Council of 1952. The Customs Cooperation Council was later named the World Customs Organization (WCO) in 1994 and currently it has become a reputable international and intergovernmental organization that joined 179 member countries.
Upon becoming a WCO member country, Mongolia acceded into the following pillar conventions of the WCO: The Convention on Harmonized Commodity Description System of 1993, Istanbul Convention on Temporary Admission of 2002 and the Kyoto Convention on Simplifying and Harmonizing Customs Procedures of 2006.
The Customs General Administration has had a close cooperative relations with the WCO and other international organizations such as the UN and WTO. Additionally, upon transitioning into the market economy, Mongolian Customs has jointly implemented project and programs to carry out the relevant changes in the organization in close collaboration with EU Customs and countries in the Asia Pacific.
The Customs General Administration is also working on strengthening the bilateral cooperation with the customs organizations of other countries, to learn from their best practice, to train human resources and to jointly organize trainings and seminars. As of this day, we have signed intergovernmental agreements and memorandum of understand on “Cooperation on Customs Matters and Mutual Assistance” with Russian Federation, People’s Republic of China, Hungary, South Korea, USA, UK, Kazakhstan, Bulgaria, Czech, Turkey, Ukraine, Kyrgyz, India, Vietnam and Nepal.
During this time Mongolian Customs has been actively participating in the WCO council sessions, Regional NCP meetings, RILO meetings and ADB’s CAREC program seminars.
In an aim to create an enabling trade environment for international traders through the development and advancement of the customs procedures in alignment with the recommendations and documents developed by the WCO, the relevant conventions were translated into Mongolian and researches were conducted in preparation for draft proposals to be reviewed by the Parliament upon being discussed in the Cabinet meeting. The Revised Kyoto Convention of Simplifying and Harmonizing Customs Procedures was also translated along with all its annexes and was distributed for the purpose of knowledge sharing with customs officers.
The main responsibilities of the International Cooperation Division of the Customs General Administration is as follows:
Developing and Strengthening the international relations and cooperation of the customs organization in relation to the customs policy, priority, and strategy.
The building blocks of the activities are as follows:
To determine the directions for cooperation on customs matters with the WCO, other international organizations and customs organizations of other countries and to develop the international relations and strengthen the bilateral and multilateral relations through activities that ensure mutual interests are satisfied
To carry out activities that improve the customs operations in accordance with the international standards and in alignment with the conventions, standards, recommendations and methodologies developed by the World Customs Organization.
To research advanced technologies and methodologies used internationally, to develop proposals and recommendations, and to organize activities to introduce them in customs operations
To seek technical assistance from foreign countries and international organizations in implementing projects and program in customs organization
To represent the customs organization in customs relations with the WCO, its member countries, international organizations and diplomatic mission offices.
To ensure implementation of the international conventions regarding customs matters and intergovernmental agreements
To organize activities to develop proposals to accede international conventions, to develop intergovernmental agreements, and to implement the proposals upon approval
To coordinate and organize the official overseas visits of the Mongolian Customs delegates, participations in international forums, seminars, symposium and trainings, and the visits by foreign delegates at the invitation from the Mongolian Customs