mn GB

Export/Import

CUSTOMS CLEARANCE shall mean Customs complex formalities starting with the lodgment of customs declaration on goods and means of transport crossing the customs border at the customs and ending with customs permission to release them after required examination and payment of Customs duties and other taxes.

Customs clearance for export and import consists of the following steps:

1. Declaring the goods

2. Inspection of customs documents

3. Inspection of the goods and means of transport

4. Levying customs duties, other taxes and fees

5. Releasing goods, granting permission to cross the goods across customs border.

Declaring the goods shall mean lodging all necessary information regarding the goods and means of transport crossing the customs border to the customs in a form in conformity with the customs declaration form along with other related documents.

Documents required for clearance:

The following documents shall be submitted to the Customs by a declarant for proof of the data in the Customs declaration:

-          Foreign trade contracts

-          Trade documents;

-          Waybill and/or shipment documents;

-          Certificate of origin

-          Permissions, licenses, certificates and/or other documents required for the goods subject to non-tariff restrictions;

-          Foreign trade remittance for payment or invoices;

-          Documents authorizing complete or partial exemption of goods from customs duties and taxes;

-          Documentary evidence of the customs value

-          Other documents specified in the law.

Road transport carriers: Certificate of vehicle, Transport bills, Trade documents /trade contract, receipts, invoice, packing list, insurance documents, other documents necessary for the description of the goods/

Airway carriers: Aircraft certificate, General declaration, List of passengers’ names, Cargo manifest, Airway bill, List of foodstuff and other items to be consumed by passengers in the flight, Trade documents;

Railway carriers: Pass-over documents, Railway car documents, Railway bill, Trade documents;

Types of customs clearance:

1. Customs expedited clearance:

Customs expedited clearance is applied for the following goods:
· Relief goods to recover losses and damages caused by disaster or force majeure; 
· Radio-active substances, toxic and dangerous chemicals, explosives; 
· Livestock and animals; 
· International postal items; 
· Newspapers, periodic editions, materials for media, scientific and research materials; 
· Perishable goods requiring special storage conditions; 
· Donor organs or blood, blood products; 
· Other goods specified in this law.

2. Customs pre-arrival clearance:

Customs pre-arrival clearance may be applied for goods dispatched from the departure country and before their entry into the Mongolian border or before the completion of the carriage of the goods from border customs control to an inland customs. Copy of all the documents accompanying the goods shall be submitted to the customs; and upon the arrival of the goods, they will be compared with the originals.

3. Customs simplified clearance:

Goods shall cross the Customs border under simplified Customs clearance without lodgment of all the documents specified in the Customs Law. However, some parts of the Customs declaration are requested to be completed. Customs simplified clearance may be applied on goods entering the Customs bonded zones directly from abroad, not being in transit through the customs territory and on goods sent abroad from the customs bonded zones, not being in transit through the customs territory.

4. Customs clearance upon order:

Customs clearance may take place at the location requested by the declarants on their expense for perishable, perishable goods, goods which require special condition for transporting, loading or storage, confidential goods, historical heritage items, currencies, bonds and chemical precursors being sent overseas or from overseas, and goods belonging to foreign diplomatic mission office or organizations of similar status, personal effects of the workers thereto.

Categories of Customs Clearance Procedures:

The declarant shall place goods, upon the permission of the Customs, under his/her selected Customs procedure if its conditions and requirements are met.

Procedure of importation of goods shall have the following types:

-          Importation of goods for home use;

-          Processing goods for home use;

-          Temporary admission of goods for home use;

-          Inward processing; and

-          Re-importation of goods.

Procedure of exportation of goods shall have the following types:

-          Outright exportation of goods;

-          Temporary exportation of goods;

-          Outward processing of goods; and

-          Re-exportation of goods.

Procedure of Customs bonded zones shall have the following types:

-          Customs bonded warehouse;

-          Customs bonded manufacturing area;

-          Customs bonded exhibition area;

-          Customs bonded construction area;

-          Duty free shop; and

-          Customs special zones.

Procedure of transit and transshipment shall have the following types:

-          International transit;

-          Domestic transit; and

-          Transshipment.

Abandonment or destruction of goods procedure shall have the following types:

-          Abandonment of goods; and

-          Destruction of goods.

Special procedure shall have the following types:

-          Stores;

-          Goods for diplomatic representative offices and other organizations with diplomatic status across the customs border;

-          International post traffic;

-          Personal effects of travelers; and

-          Free zone.